The cultural diversity of South America

Cultural Diversity of South America
Written by Bilal Munsif

A large part of the world confuses South American cultures, especially people who live in economically developed countries. Although with little knowledge of the cultural diversity of South America and of customs in the region. South America’s diversity is extensive.

The countries in the southern region of the American continent are Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Ecuador, Venezuela, Bolivia, Guyana (French Guiana), Suriname, Uruguay, Paraguay, Trinidad and Tobago, Aruba, Curaçao, Caribbean Netherlands, and Falkland Islands (Falkland Islands).

First of all, it is necessary to reflect on what culture actually is. Although we misinterpret this term as higher levels of education, social class. And even used to define a person in the sense of highly educated, culture itself has nothing to do with all of this.

Culture is the set of practical and theoretical knowledge of a specific society. It is how people from a particular group or location live, their behavior, customs, traditions, habits, extending to cuisine, music, art, clothing, religion, morals, specific knowledge, among other aspects.

A continent is formed by several societies, with very different references from each other. In Latin America, although countries dialogue with each other, receiving and delivering some of their customs, they take the cultural issues very seriously, there is even a political movement so that the cultural identities of the countries are not loss over time. Although we are going to tour three countries. Prepare your virtual backpack and embark on this adventure!


In Argentina, there was an immigration process that resulted in a multicultural society. Secondly for100 years (between 1850 and 1950) the country received many Italian immigrants. Before that, it was a country by Spain that achieved its independence in 1810.

The predominant religion in the second-largest country in South America and the eighth largest in the world is Roman Catholic and the language is Castilian.

Capital: Buenos Aires.

Climate: Varies according to the region, being tropical arid in the south, hills in the northeast, southeast, and west and cold arid in the southwest, tropical in the north, and in the extreme south is subpolar.
Ideology: Social Democrat.
Culture: Plural.
Parties: Chacarena, Misachicos and Harvest Festival.
Music: Tango.
Gastronomy: Roasted meat (barbecue).
Language: Spanish.
Featured sports: Football, tennis, windsurfing, trekking, canoeing.


Before the arrival of the Portuguese in Brazil, there were Indians who inhabited more than 10 million natives who inhabited the land that in the future became the largest South American country. The Portuguese crown dominated and colonized the country. There were wars, however many mineral riches such as gold extracted from the mining town Ouro Preto, for example, silver, diamonds, among others, are supplying to Europe

During the “gold cycle”, the name given to this moment of ore extraction in Brazil, there was also the foundation of several towns and cities in the country. All these manual and manual jobs are developed by black people who are from Brazil to work as slaves. Within this context, Brazilian culture is inserted.

Even with the process of catechizing carried out by the Jesuit priests with the Indians and blacks, many of them resisted and did not leave their beliefs and customs aside or when they did, they did it only out of obligation, but they did not fail to teach their children and grandchildren their true knowledge.

That is why Brazilian culture is so plural, as it receives elements from native Indians, African blacks, as well as Europeans.

Capital: Brasilia.

Climate: tropical.
Politics: Presidentialism.
Culture: plural.
Language: Portuguese (Brazil)
Music: each region of the country has a musical style, the main ones being folklore, samba, frevo, maracatu, baião, bossa nova, and Brazilian popular music (MPB).
Party: Carnival and June party.
Religion: 50% Roman Catholic and 31% Protestant
Gastronomy: like other cultures, Brazilian food is very varied. We can highlight the Minas Gerais food, which has dishes such as tropeiro beans, okra with chicken, and cheese bread. As well as the northeastern, which offers the baião de Dois, the acarajé and the famous tapioca. It is noteworthy that there are many dishes to try in Brazil.
Featured sports: soccer, swimming, tennis, gymnastics and volleyball.


Although the countries of South America are so different, the stories about their foundations are very similar. In short, they were places inhabited by Indians who after the arrival of immigrants became colonies and then managed to become independent. In Colombia, it was no different.

The lands that belonged to the Chibcha (Muisca) tribe were discovered by the Spaniards in 1499 and since then their culture is no longer unique.

Capital: Bogota.

Climate: Intertropical.
Politics: Presidentialism.
Culture: two cultures predominate, the natives and the Spanish.
Language: Spanish.
Music: Cumbia and pop. Colombia has world icons such as Shakira, Juanes, and Maluma.
Festivals: Festival of La Leyenda Vallenata and Feria de wool Flores.
Gastronomy: Colombian empanadas, arepas, patacones, coconut rice, temeles, paisa tray and coconut lemonade.
Featured sports: cycling, boxing, and formula 1.


At the beginning of the 13th century, the Inca civilization occupied a large territory in the southern region of America. When there were still no borders, these people dominated a large territorial extension that began with its capital in Cusco, Peru, passing through Colombia, Ecuador, northwestern Argentina, northern Chile, and western Bolivia. The Incas worshiped the Sun god, among other deities. They led hundreds of tribes scattered in the regions that were under their rule. These tribes worked, paid tribute, and rendered military services to the Incas.
During the rule of the Incas, the men of the tribes considered inferior were forced to work in agriculture to serve the wishes of the chiefs (Incas), while the most beautiful women should be sent to work weaving clothes or serving as the Incas’ lovers.
The Incas built temples, forts, and warehouses that can still be visited to this day.
The most curious thing is that the Incas managed to build one of the greatest imperial states in human history without using means of transport such as draft animals, wheeled, without knowing steel or iron, and no other means of transport were recorded in their history but be the walk of individuals.
Lastly, South America is culturally very rich and its countries are great options for tourism. There is a lot of history and culture to discover in southern lands.

About the author

Bilal Munsif