Valley of Flowers – The name itself depicts its relation with the flowers. An amazing creation of nature. The Valley of Flowers is also well known as “Phoolon Ki Ghaati”. This beauty comprises diverse ranges of flowers or fauna. This trek is considered one of the most beautiful treks in the world by trekkers. Every year large numbers of trek expeditions are organized here in this valley. The Valley of Flowers is a blessing of nature in a true sense. One cannot forget the beauty of this valley and keep the memories with them for a lifetime.
The Valley of Flowers is basically a valley present in the West Himalayan region of Uttarakhand. It is situated at an altitude of about 3600m above the mean sea level. The valley of Flowers has its linkages with Indian mythology as well. As mentioned in the Hindu epic “Ramayana”, where Hanuman went out in search of the Sanjivni Buti( a magical herb )to heal the wounds of Lakshman who was the brother of Lord Ram; but unfortunately Hanuman could not identify that particular herb and instead he brought the whole valley where that herb was growing. And from then onwards people believe that the Valley of Flower is the same valley that Hanuman has brought.
Valley of Flowers is the home to numerous varieties of flowers. The flowers emitting sweet fragrances make the valley not less than heaven on earth.
The scenery cannot be depicted through words; it has to be felt and viewed through one’s own eyes. Some of the wildflowers found in the Valley of Flowers are Rockfoils, Stonecrop plants, Lily plants, Poppy, Calendulas, Daisies, Geraniums, Zinnia, Petunias, and many more. The best time to visit the Valley of Flowers can be from July to early September.
The main reason behind this is that just after the break of the monsoon when the earth bathes with the showers of rain, the flora and fauna regains their beauty and makes everyone awestruck with their beauty. Basically, the Valley of Flowers trek is about 17km long. One can travel by road from Haridwar and Dehradun and reach Joshimath which is the town nearest to the valley of flowers. For trekking purposes, Govindghat is the starting point. From here, one can trek up to Ghangharia(the distance from Govindghat to Ghangaria will be around 15km), which is basically a small village at a distance of about 3 km from the Valley. Here at Ghangaria, one has to issue permission for their entry into the Valley of Flowers from the Department of Forestry. The permission is valid for a period of 3 days only.
What can be found in the Valley of Flower Trek?
1. Rich Flora and Fauna
The most fascinating thing about the Valley of Flower Trek is the rich floral diversity. When trekking one could find long stretches of lands covered with beautiful flowers. The vast lands of the valley full of flowers of various shapes, sizes, colors, and their authentic fragrance could easily blow up the minds of the people traveling there.
The valley also has many small streams adding extra beauty to it. Those steep paths with flowers and streams and the cool mountain breezes that carry their fragrance to miles and miles cannot be found elsewhere.
There is also a research bank here in order to protect the rare species of flowers found here. They are also associated with the propagation of the seeds, pollination, transplanting, crossing techniques to keep the population of the species intact. Some of the rare orchids are also found in the Valley of Flowers. There are also 3 sub alpines ranging between 3,200m to 3,500m.
Although not too many animals are present in this valley, the animals that are present in this valley are the most endangered species. The Forest Department takes special care and measures for protecting their natural habitat and biodiversity. Some of the endangered animals are namely: Northern Plains Grey Langur (Semnopithecus petaurista), Red giant flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista), Himalayan black bear (Ursus thibetanus) , Red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Himalayan weasel (Mustela sibirica), and Himalayan yellow-throated marten (Martes flavigula), Himalayan goral (Naemorhedus goral), Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster), Indian spotted chevrotain (Moschiola indica), Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis).
2. Challenges during the Trek
Although the trek is a moderate one, one has to face the challenges of climbing to the Hemkund Sahib. Hemkund is basically a hilltop that can be found while trekking in the Valley of Flower. A Sikh Temple is here at Hemkund. Besides, the trek also remains full with the Sikh pilgrims trekking all the way to reach the temple and worship. There is also a beautiful lake which enhances the beauty of the Sikh temple to another level. Valley of flowers trek is awesome. The route reaches an altitude of about 4000 ft. w With the rise in altitude, the challenges also increase. During the route Hemkund, there are plenty of alpine meadows and cliffs. After reaching the peak of the Hemkund, one could enjoy the amazing view of the mountains, rivers and streams, trees, rocks, etc.
3. The cultural experience
Valley Of Flowers is not just a simple trek. Besides a trek to the gorgeous depression, it shows you an unbelievable journey of religion undertaken by humans. You see children, old, elderly, children, toddlers on this unimaginable climb to the lake at fourteen thousand ft. Several take the support of ponies or maybe porters however quite a few of them hop on their own would possibly.
It was moving to ascertain volunteers sweeping each section of the path to keep it clean and dealing at Hemkund European Gurdwara in chilling temperatures. It had been an exquisite feeling to awaken in Ghangria at dawn to the parade calls of the Sikh Gurudwara. The trek shows you a world you’d hardly see otherwise.
Thus the Valley of Flowers trek is one of the most beautiful treks present in India. Trekkers from all over the country, as well as foreigners, come here for trekking. The Valley of Flowers and Nanda Devi National Parks are also present near the trekking areas. This region is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
If you’re looking for an adventure, the Valley of Flowers Trek is perfect for you. This strenuous hike takes you through some of the most beautiful scenery in the world, and it’s definitely worth the effort. Make sure to pack plenty of water and snacks, and be prepared for a challenging journey. I can’t wait to do this trek again someday!